Opinion | Covid Pandemic: Why India is still facing acute shortage of oxygen


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Opinion | Covid Pandemic: Why India is still facing acute shortage of oxygen

India’s whole quantity of Covid-19 instances crossed the 2-crore mark (2,02,82,833) on Monday after 3,57,229 contemporary instances had been reported on a single day. The dying toll jumped to 2,22,408 after 3,449 Covid-related deaths had been reported from throughout the nation. As of now, there are 34,47,133 lively instances, although the restoration fee is round 82 per cent. 1,66,13,292 individuals have to date recovered from Covid-19.

Meanwhile, a report has come from Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, which says {that a} new Andhra variant, N440K, is inflicting havoc in Visakhapatnam and different elements of Andhra Pradesh. The new AP pressure is 15 occasions extra virulent, incubates quicker, makes the affected person’s situation crucial inside 3-4 days, has began affecting youthful inhabitants too and hospitals at the moment are operating out of oxygen and ICU ventilators. This AP pressure was first seen in Kurnool.

Hospitals in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and different adjoining states proceed to face crucial shortage of oxygen, regardless of nationwide logistics for airlifting oxygen tankers and sending oxygen containers by railway. Private hospitals in Delhi, Meerut and different cities proceed to ship SOS saying their oxygen provide was really fizzling out.

The Centre says, oxygen manufacturing has been raised by a couple of and half occasions, industrial oxygen is being diverted as medical oxygen, international help within the type of oxygen concentrators and tankers have arrived, and but the moot query stays: Where is all this medical oxygen going? People in Delhi-NCR and Lucknow are ready in kilometre lengthy queues for greater than 32 hours to get their oxygen cylinders refilled. A way of agony and helplessness has gripped the populace.

The authorities is engaged on a conflict footing however the surge in pandemic seems to be quicker. All the sources which might be being mustered within the type of hospital beds, ICUs, ventilators and oxygen seem like insufficient. MBBS ultimate yr college students will now be inducted within the well being care sector to spice up the energy of Corona warriors. NEET and PG exams have been postponed by 4 months.

Monday’s worst information got here from Chamarajanagar in Karnataka, the place 23 sufferers died after the district hospital ran out of oxygen provide. Chief Minister B S Yeddyurappa has ordered a probe. The Deputy Commissioner claimed, solely three sufferers died as a result of lack of oxygen, whereas the remaining 20 sufferers died as a result of of Covid. Relatives of useless sufferers alleged that each one the sufferers died as a result of lack of oxygen.

Karnataka is not alone. Five Covid sufferers died as a result of oxygen shortage in a personal hospital in Meerut. In Lucknow, relations of sufferers together with the hospital proprietor, stood ready for oxygen provide exterior the hospital. The SOS was despatched 24 hours in the past. For the final ten days, relations of Covid sufferers in Delhi are operating from pillar to publish in search of oxygen cylinders. There had been kilometre lengthy queues exterior refilling centre, with some individuals saying that they’ve been within the queue for greater than 32 hours. Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal claimed that the capital’s oxygen requirement was 976 metric tonnes whereas it was getting 450 metric tonnes. Gujarat is affected by acute shortage of hospital beds. All the 1,200 beds in Ahmedabad civil hospital are full with sufferers ready exterior in ambulances.

The Centre claims that oxygen manufacturing in India has elevated from 7,500 MT to 9,000 MT every day. Now plans are on the anvil to arrange Covid care centres close to oxygen producing vegetation, in order that valuable lives could be saved. Steel vegetation and oil refineries are going to create enormous jumbo sized container sort Covid care centres. Nearly 50 per cent nitrogen carrying tankers have now been transformed into oxygen tankers. The Centre has recognized 37 nitrogen producing vegetation which is able to now produce oxygen.

Meanwhile, prime enterprise homes are additionally pitching in with huge help. On Monday, Reliance Industries despatched 85 MT medical grade oxygen from its Jamnagar refinery to Haryana. RIL is producing 1,000 MT medical grade oxygen every day below the watchful supervision of its chairman Mukesh Ambani. RIL has imported 24 oxygen containers. The Adani group introduced in 80 tonnes oxygen by ship from Saudi Arabia. It has introduced in cryogenic oxygen tankers from Thailand, Singapore and Dubai. 18 cryogenic tanks introduced from Dubai will transport 180 MT medical grade oxygen to hospitals.

On Monday, Italy despatched one oxygen producing plant and 20 ventilators to Delhi. The IAF introduced in 4 large oxygen containers from Frankfurt, Germany. The fourth UK consignment, together with 60 ventilators and different medical tools, has additionally reached Delhi. China despatched 700 oxygen concentrators on Monday.

It appears that the demand for oxygen at this second is too enormous in comparison with the oxygen that is being provided to hospitals and Covid care centres. Doctors say the brand new Covid mutant strains are quicker they usually assault the lungs of the contaminated inside a brief house of time. By the time docs come to know concerning the extent of lung an infection, the virus spreads its tentacles broad contained in the physique, inflicting shortness of breath. The sufferers then want ICU ventilators to revive.

The second, and extra essential, half of the issue is {that a} worry psychosis has gripped individuals residing in cities, and many individuals, who don’t require oxygen, are storing oxygen cylinders of their houses, fearing Covid an infection. This is sheer injustice and a self-centric act of human greed. They fail to understand that by hoarding cylinders, they’re inflicting the premature deaths of so many individuals who require oxygen for his or her survival.

 
Among these darkish clouds are some skinny silver linings. The Centre on Monday reported that the numbers of contemporary Covid-19 instances in Chhattisgarh, Delhi, MP, UP, Jharkhand, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand, at the moment are on the decrease facet and the restoration fee is rising. There is surge of the epidemic in AP, Bihar, Karnataka, Assam and Haryana. There are 22 states the place the positivity fee is presently greater than 15 per cent. Let us hope that the general surge will come down within the coming weeks, however the hazard can be over solely when 70 per cent of India’s inhabitants take each doses of Covid-19 vaccine. For the second, this seems to be a tall order.

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